The Baroque Era
During the 1600’s
in Europe, the Catholic church sought to regain some of the people
who lost touch with the church during the renaissance due to The Reformation by
the Protestants, and wealth gained through trade and commerce. The Catholic leaders
brought in the best artists of the time to create magnificent murals, sculptures and
paintings to draw the population back and increase church attendance. Among these
artists were, Caravaggio, Rubens, Rachel Ruysch, El Greco, and Rembrandt.
These artists worked for the highest bidder, using extreme light and dark
combinations, called Chiaroscuro, to add emotional and dramatic quality to their work.
The term Baroque means “art emphasizing movement, contrast, and variety”.
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